Building a house is not only a large expense, but also a long and multi-stage process that involves many legalities. We advise you on how to prepare for the construction of a house, what formalities to take care of – how to plan the construction of a house step by step to avoid unnecessary additional expenses and other unpleasant surprises during the construction.
One of the formalities from which you should start planning the construction of a house is to check the status of a plot you want to buy in order to build a house on it. The purchase of land should be a well-thought-out decision, which will be preceded by a thorough analysis of the local spatial development plan (Zoning). You can find there, among others, information about the type of a plot (it can be, for example, building or agricultural). On the other hand, in an area that is not covered by the current local spatial development plan, it is necessary to apply for an equivalent land development conditions decision.
If we want to buy a plot of land for the construction of a house and we have already chosen a land we are interested in, then before we decide to buy this particular one, we should carefully review and analyse the land and mortgage registers of the real estate we are interested in. In the land and mortgage register you can find information, such as: legal status of the land (i.e. who and to what extent is the owner of the plot), or possible mortgage or tax charges on the plot. This document also contains information on road easement or transmission easement (i.e. whether there are installations, such as electrical installations, or whether the plot needs an internal access road).
Once we got acquainted with the plans, we thoroughly studied the land and mortgage registers and purchased the plot of interest to us, the next stage of planning the construction of a house is the purchase of a project from the architect. An architectural and construction design of a house is one of the documents that are necessary to obtain a building permit or to start construction works carried out based on the notification of the intention to build at the relevant office. Based on the size of the plot, specific building conditions and individual requirements of the household members, you can commission a designer to prepare an individual building project, but you can also purchase one of the ready-made projects.
Before we obtain a building permit or notify our intention to build, we should have assurances about the supply of utilities as well as technical conditions for connecting our plot to sewage, water, power and/or gas network. These documents are obtained at water and sewage, energy and gas companies by submitting an application in person or by mail.
When planning the construction of a single-family house, individual investors in most cases do not have to apply for a building permit, but should report their intention to build. A building permit is reported when, for instance, the area of influence of the planned residential building exceeds the boundaries of a plot. These are, among others, cases where a house is to be built three, not four meters from the plot boundary, it is very high, which may cause overshadowing of adjacent plots. A building permit is also required when planning terraced or semi-detached residential buildings.
If we have already taken care of all these formalities when planning the construction of the house, you can hire a construction manager, purchase a construction logbook and start building a house.